Advanced Cervical Cancer Treatment is aimed at stopping the growth and proliferation of cancerous cells, while improving survival and quality of life. In addition to the known treatment methods for cervical cancer, clinical research is also ongoing.
Advanced cervical cancer treatment aims to prolong the life of the patient and improve the quality of life. Cervical cancer occurs when cells in the cervix grow and multiply uncontrollably. Advanced cervical cancer is the last stage of this type of cancer. Cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body. Treatment is available but a cure is not completely possible in metastasized cancers.
What Stage is Advanced Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a cancer consisting of 4 stages. The first early stages are curable, but the 4th stage is called advanced or metastatic, and the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Cervical cancer generally tends to spread to the following areas;
- Lymph nodes
- Pelvis muscles
- The ureters between the kidney and the bladder
Cervical cancer reaching an advanced level in but when it is not yet metastatic is called “locally advanced cervical cancer”. The tumor of this type is larger than 4 cm or reaches the tissues around the cervix. It may not have spread to other organs.
Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis
Treatment options for cervical cancer with metastasis may vary depending on the condition of the patient and the disease.
The treatments for advanced degree cervical cancer are as follows;
- Treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy
- Immunotherapy that can be applied simultaneously with other treatments
- Removal of the tumor area by surgical intervention
- Clinical research through clinical trials
Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is one of the most used treatment methods for cervical cancer. Chemotherapy treatment is also applied for patients who are receiving radiotherapy for a certain period of time. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs that directly target cancer cells. It is known for its potential side effects and these side effects may include nausea, vomiting, hair loss. Supportive drugs can be used to suppress these symptoms.
Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Surgery
Another possible treatment method for cervical cancer is surgical intervention. There are different surgical methods.
- Hysterectomy: Uterus and cervix are removed.
- Radical Hysterectomy: A procedure that is required for advanced cervical cancer, it involves removing the parametria and upper part of the vagina alongside the uterus and cervix. Lymph nodes in the pelvis are also removed. Fertility can be maintained by leaving the ovaries.
- Pelvic Exenteration: It is applied for recurrent or advanced cervical cancer. The uterus, cervix, vagina, ovaries, bladder, rectum, and nearby lymph nodes are removed.
Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy treatment is drug therapy used to fight cancer cells by strengthening the immune system. It uses the immune system’s own defense mechanism to allow it fight the cancer on its own. Simultaneous treatment with other treatments may be offered aiming for better results.
Advanced Stage Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials
If the above treatments are not effective, clinical research may be a good option for these patients. If they meet the criteria, patients at any stage of the disease may be involved in clinical trials. Clinical research for the development of new drugs, targeted therapies and immunotherapies may be a new hope for advanced stage cervical cancer patients.
Massive Bio is an artificial intelligence-enabled platform that brings patients and clinical research centers, pharmaceutical companies and healthcare organizations together. If you want to be a part of clinical research and help you find promising clinical trials near you, please contact us.