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The Latest in Pancreatic Cancer Treatment Options

Pancreatic cancer often sparks many inquiries, but there is a growing sense of hope. Our platform links people to new clinical trials, especially for pancreatic cancer. We make it easier for patients to find and join advanced medical studies, giving them access to new treatment choices.

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      Find Your Treatment Now

      A Patient Relations Coordinator will reach out to you soon.

      Your personal data is fully confidential and 100% secure

      You can receive a guidebook with information about cancer clinical trials by filling out the form.

      What can Massive Bio do for you?

      Our system connects people with pancreatic cancer to clinical trials, giving them more opportunities for treatment and research. Within our platform, you will find in-depth information about clinical trials spanning all stages of pancreatic cancer. These trials offer novel treatments tailored to address the unique factors behind your pancreatic cancer diagnosis. This provides you with a chance to actively fight the disease alongside our team.

      After checking your medical records and using our AI system, we find clinical trials that you might qualify for. We also offer a concierge service to help you smoothly transition into the clinical trial.
      Our team of nurses and doctors will handle all aspects of your involvement in the trial, from start to finish. All the services provided are completely free for you and your treating oncologist.

      Understanding the disease

      What is Pancreatic Cancer?

      Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the pancreas, an organ located deep within the abdomen. It is often called a “silent” or “hidden” cancer because it tends to have few noticeable symptoms in its early stages, which makes it challenging to detect. Usually, this type of cancer is diagnosed when it is stage III pancreatic cancer or stage IV pancreatic cancer and it can cause various symptoms and signs.
      Some of the main symptoms and signs of advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer include:

      1-Abdominal Pain: This is one of the most common symptoms. It may start as mild discomfort and become more severe as the cancer grows. The pain is often located in the upper abdomen and may radiate to the back.

      2-Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes can occur when the cancer obstructs the bile duct, causing a buildup of bilirubin in the bloodstream. This can lead to dark urine, pale stools, and itching.

      3-Unexplained Weight Loss: Many individuals with pancreatic cancer experience unexplained and significant weight loss, even if their appetite remains normal.

      4-Loss of Appetite: A decreased desire to eat and early satiety (feeling full after eating a small amount) can be associated with pancreatic cancer.

      5-Digestive Problems: Pancreatic cancer can affect the normal functioning of the pancreas, leading to problems with digestion. This may cause diarrhea, oily or pale stools, and difficulty digesting fatty foods.

      6-Nausea and Vomiting: Some individuals with pancreatic cancer may experience nausea and vomiting, particularly if a blockage in the digestive system occurs.

      7-New-Onset Diabetes: In some cases, pancreatic cancer can lead to the development of diabetes, especially if the tumor affects the pancreas’s ability to produce insulin.

      8-Fatigue: Persistent and unexplained fatigue is a common symptom of many cancers, including pancreatic cancer.

      Diagnosing pancreatic cancer involves a thorough process that includes medical history assessment, physical examination, blood tests, and imaging studies like CT scans and MRIs. If a potential tumor is identified, a biopsy is performed to confirm the diagnosis by examining tissue samples under a microscope. Pathology evaluation determines the type and stage of the cancer. Early detection is crucial, as it is often diagnosed as advanced pancreatic cancer, emphasizing the importance of regular medical check-ups, especially for those at risk.

      What types of pancreatic cancer are there?

      Pancreatic cancer can be categorized into several types based on the type of cells from which the cancer originates. The two primary types of pancreatic cancer are:

      1-Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: This is the most common type, accounting for approximately 90% of all pancreatic cancer cases. It originates in the cells lining the pancreatic ducts and is often found in the head of the pancreas. Pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma is known for its aggressive nature and is typically diagnosed at an advanced stage.

      2-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PNETs): These tumors are much less common, accounting for about 1-2% of pancreatic cancers. PNETs develop from hormone-producing cells in the pancreas called islet cells. They tend to grow more slowly than adenocarcinomas and have a better prognosis on average. PNETs can be functional (produce hormones) or non-functional (do not produce hormones).

      In addition to these primary types, there are some rare subtypes of pancreatic cancer, including:

      Pancreatoblastoma: This is an extremely rare type of pancreatic cancer that usually occurs in children and adolescents. It develops from immature cells in the pancreas.

      Acinar Cell Carcinoma: This is another rare type of pancreatic cancer that originates in the acinar cells of the pancreas, which are responsible for producing digestive enzymes.

      Colloid Carcinoma: This is a subtype of pancreatic adenocarcinoma characterized by the production of mucus. It tends to have a better prognosis compared to typical pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

      Undifferentiated Carcinoma: These are aggressive tumors with poorly defined cell characteristics, making them difficult to classify.

      What is the treatment for pancreatic cancer?

      Treatment for pancreatic cancer depends on cancer type, stage, patient’s health, and preferences. Treatment options for pancreatic cancer typically include:

      Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor offers the best chance of cure if the cancer is detected at an early stage and is localized to the pancreas. Surgical procedures may include:

      Whipple procedure (Pancreaticoduodenectomy): Removal of the head of the pancreas, part of the small intestine, gallbladder, and bile duct.

      Distal pancreatectomy: Removal of the tail and sometimes part of the body of the pancreas.

      Total pancreatectomy: Removal of the entire pancreas.

      Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to target and destroy cancer cells or shrink tumors. It can be used before surgery (neoadjuvant), after surgery (adjuvant), or to relieve symptoms in advanced cases.

      Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. It can be administered before or after surgery and is often used in combination with radiation therapy.

      Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy drugs specifically target molecules involved in the growth and spread of cancer cells. They are sometimes used in combination with chemotherapy or as a standalone treatment.

      Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a newer approach that stimulates the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells. While it has shown promise in other cancers, its role in pancreatic cancer treatment is still being studied.

      NGS testing and clinical trials

      Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) is vital in linking patients with specific genetic mutations in their cancers to clinical trials for targeted treatments. This method is a part of personalized medicine. It improves the success of trials.

      It does this by giving patients treatments. These treatments are more likely to work for their specific type of cancer.
      Pancreatic cancer can be associated with various gene alterations that play a role in its development and progression. Some of the key gene alterations and mutations associated with pancreatic cancer include:

      1-KRAS Mutation: The KRAS gene is frequently mutated in pancreatic cancer, with approximately 95% of cases showing this alteration. KRAS mutations are thought to be early events in pancreatic cancer development and play a key role in tumor growth and progression.

      2-TP53 Mutation: Mutations in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene are also common in pancreatic cancer. These mutations can lead to uncontrolled cell division and increased resistance to treatment.

      3-CDKN2A (p16) Mutation: Alterations in the CDKN2A gene can result in a loss of cell cycle regulation, allowing cancer cells to divide uncontrollably.

      4-SMAD4 Mutation: Mutations in the SMAD4 gene are associated with more aggressive forms of pancreatic cancer. SMAD4 is involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation.

      5-BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutations: Mutations in these genes, which are well-known for their association with breast and ovarian cancers, can also increase the risk of developing pancreatic cancer. Individuals with hereditary mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 have a higher risk of pancreatic cancer.

      6-PALB2 Mutation: PALB2 is another gene associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer when mutated. PALB2 plays a role in DNA repair.

      7-ATM Mutation: Mutations in the ATM gene, which is involved in DNA repair, have been linked to an increased risk of pancreatic cancer.

      8-MDM2 amplification: protein that regulates the activity of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, which plays a critical role in controlling cell growth and preventing the development of cancer.

      The Role of Pancreatic Cancer clinical trials

      Clinical trials play a crucial role in the treatment of pancreatic cancer for several reasons:

      1-Access to Cutting-Edge Treatments: Clinical trials provide an avenue for individuals to access innovative therapies, which is particularly important for serious conditions like pancreatic cancer, where standard treatments may have limitations.

      2-Improving Treatment Outcomes: Participation in clinical trials empowers patients to contribute valuable knowledge that can enhance survival rates and overall well-being for future pancreatic cancer patients.

      3-Comprehensive Healthcare: Enrolled patients in clinical trials typically receive comprehensive care, benefiting from a dedicated team of healthcare professionals and researchers closely monitoring their progress.

      4-Fostering Hope: For many individuals grappling with pancreatic cancer, involvement in a clinical trial fosters hope, both for their personal recovery and the potential positive impact on future patients facing similar challenges.

      5-Advancing Research Frontiers: Clinical trials play a pivotal role in advancing medical research, aiding scientists in gauging the effectiveness of new treatments and identifying which patients stand to benefit the most. This can pave the way for the development of more effective therapeutic strategies and personalized medicine approaches.

      Ovarian Granulosa Cell Tumor Clinical Trials

      Exploring Advanced Treatment Options for Ovarian Granulosa Cell Tumor

      If you’re navigating the challenges of an ovarian granulosa cell tumor, our service offers crucial support. We are dedicated to connecting patients with the most up-to-date clinical trials specifically for stage 3 and stage 4 ovarian granulosa cell tumor, making it easy to access cutting-edge treatment options.
      Our easy process makes it simple for you to find and join innovative trials. This helps you stay informed about the newest developments in healthcare.
      We want to support you during this tough time. We can give you access to the newest medical research and treatments. We will also provide guidance at every step of the way.

      Unlocking New Horizons with Massive Bio

      Our tailored matching system directs you to the most relevant clinical trials for advanced ovarian granulosa cell tumor and metastatic ovarian granulosa cell tumor, heralding new possibilities for your care. Learn about clinical trials for ovarian granulosa cell tumors, including new treatments not widely available.

      Understanding the disease

      What is an Ovarian Granulosa tumor?

      Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary is a rare ovarian cancer originating from granulosa cells, involved in egg and hormone production within the ovaries. Although rare, these tumors can produce estrogen, leading to unique effects on the body compared to other ovarian cancers.

      Major Signs and Symptoms:

      Abnormal uterine bleeding: This can include irregular menstrual cycles or bleeding after menopause, which is often one of the earliest signs.

      Abdominal pain or distension: As the tumor grows, it can cause discomfort or a noticeable increase in abdominal size.

      Hormonal effects: These tumors may lead to signs of estrogen excess such as breast tenderness or changes in the endometrial lining, leading to endometrial hyperplasia or even cancer. In young girls, excess estrogen can trigger early puberty, while in postmenopausal women, it can manifest as symptoms associated with reproductive hormone activity.

      Granulosa cell tumors are generally slow-growing and considered low-grade, posing a lower risk of spreading compared to more aggressive ovarian cancers. Adult and juvenile types divide them, with middle-aged women more commonly having the former and young women and girls having the latter. Treatment primarily involves surgical removal of the tumor, and long-term monitoring is crucial due to the risk of recurrence. Patients may require additional therapies based on the stage and characteristics of the tumor.

      What are the current treatment options for Ovarian Granulosa Cell Tumor

      The treatment options for ovarian granulosa cell tumors, like many other cancers, depend on several factors including the stage of the tumor, whether it has spread, and the patient’s overall health and fertility desires. Given their rarity and generally low-grade nature, the treatment strategy is often individualized, but here’s an overview of the current treatment options:

      Surgery: The cornerstone of treatment for ovarian granulosa cell tumors is surgical removal of the tumor. The extent of surgery can vary:

      Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of one ovary and its fallopian tube, often sufficient for early-stage tumors, especially in patients who wish to retain fertility.

      Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Removal of both ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the uterus. This is more common in postmenopausal women or cases where fertility preservation is not a concern.

      Staging surgery: May involve sampling of lymph nodes and other tissues in the pelvis and abdomen to assess the spread of the disease, particularly in more advanced stages.

      Chemotherapy: Doctors may use chemotherapy in advanced cases or when there’s a high risk of recurrence, despite its less common use due to the tumor’s typically slow growth and sensitivity to surgery. The choice of drugs depends on the individual case, with regimens often including agents used in other ovarian cancers.

      Radiation Therapy: This treatment option is less frequently used but may be considered in specific situations, such as for local control of recurrent disease or when surgical margins are positive, indicating residual disease after surgery.

      Hormone Therapy: Given the hormonal activity of these tumors, hormone therapy (e.g., aromatase inhibitors or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists) may be used, especially in recurrent disease, to block estrogen production and slow tumor growth.

      Granulosa Cell Tumor Clinical trials:

      Clinical trials play a crucial role in advancing the treatment options for ovarian granulosa cell tumors by evaluating the safety and efficacy of new therapies, surgical techniques, and diagnostic tools. Researchers design these trials to find more effective and less toxic treatments, improve quality of life, and increase survival rates for patients with this rare form of cancer.

      1-New Chemotherapy Regimens: Trials may test new drugs or combinations of drugs to determine if they are more effective or have fewer side effects than existing treatments.

      2-Targeted Therapy Trials: These trials focus on treatments that target specific genetic mutations or molecular markers found in ovarian granulosa cell tumors. Targeted therapies may block the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells.

      3-Immunotherapy Trials: Immunotherapy uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer. Trials might investigate the use of checkpoint inhibitors or other types of immunotherapy drugs that help the immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.

      4-Hormone Therapy Trials: Given the hormone-sensitive nature of these tumors, clinical trials may explore new hormone-blocking agents or the effectiveness of current hormone therapies in different dosages or combinations.

      Treatment is highly personalized, reflecting the tumor’s characteristics, the patient’s situation, and evolving research in the field. Emerging treatments and clinical trials exploring new chemotherapy regimens, targeted therapies, and immunotherapies offer additional hope for those affected.

      Benefits of Clinical Trials

      Access to New Treatments: Participants can access cutting-edge treatments that are not available outside the clinical trial setting.

      Contribution to Research: By participating in clinical trials, individuals contribute to medical research that could improve cancer treatment for future patients.

      Close Monitoring: Participants in clinical trials receive intense medical monitoring related to their treatment and overall health.

      Why Massive Bio?
      Our AI matching tool makes cancer treatment simple.

      We combine the power of technology with our dedicated team of medical providers to find you the best treatment options available.

      How Massive Bio Helps Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

      Massive Bio offers a quick, easy, and FREE way to find clinical trials for patients like you. With our unique clinical trial matching system and compassionate team, Massive Bio can rapidly match you to a clinical trial of a new pancreatic cancer.

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      Dr. Arturo Loaiza Bonilla explains:
      What Are Clinical Trials?

      Cancer is an unfortunate reality that touches most of us at some point in our lives. If you or a loved one has cancer, you may have heard or read that clinical trials could offer access to innovative new treatments. But what exactly is a clinical trial? In this video, Massive Bio co-founder Arturo Loaiza-Bonilla, MD, explains how clinical trials work, what to expect if you enroll in one, and why a clinical trial can be an important treatment option for many cancer patients.


      We dream of the day when cancer disappears from our lives. Massive Bio is working tirelessly on achieving that goal.

      • Why should I trust Massive Bio?

        Why should I trust Massive Bio?

        Massive Bio has provided health to more than 120,000 cancer patients in 25 countries across three continents. It collaborates with over 80 global partners. In 2022, Massive Bio became part of the Precision Cancer Consortium (PCC), alongside major companies such as AstraZeneca, Bayer, Eli Lilly & Company, GSK, Johnson & Johnson/Janssen, Novartis and Roche.

      • What is the process?

        What is the process?

        To find the best clinical research studies for you, we need your medical history and consent. You can provide this consent by filling out the form on this page and the following pages. Once you’ve done that, our patient relations coordinator will contact you to discuss the details and provide further information for clinical research matching report.

      • Why do I have to provide my medical records to enroll in a clinical trial?

        Why do I have to provide my medical records to enroll in a clinical trial?

        To enroll in clinical trial, you must meet highly specific criteria that’s established by the researchers who are conducting the investigation. That includes detailed information about type of cancer, treatment history, response to treatment, and other data that is collected in medical records.

      • What should I do if I don’t have my medical records?

        What should I do if I don’t have my medical records?

        If you are being treated for cancer or any other disease, your doctor should have a complete record of your medical care, including specific information about what form of the disease you have and what treatments you have received. Your patient relations coordinator will contact you and inform you about the details.

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        What are the costs associated with Massive Bio’s services?

        Massive Bio provides its services to the patients and their doctors at no cost—you won’t have to pay anything to receive a clinical-research matching report. There are no hidden costs involved.

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        How does Massive Bio protect my personal information?

        Massive Bio strictly adheres to all HIPAA guidelines and international regulations focused on maintaining your privacy. We take extra measures to secure your personal information, ensuring it is protected beyond the mandatory requirements.

      • Where can I find clinical research studies in my area?

        Where can I find clinical research studies in my area?

        Your doctor may know of a clinical research study being conducted in your area that’s recruiting participants and is right for you. However, Massive Bio uses its artificial intelligence-powered platform to match patients to clinical research studies of treatments that give you the best chance of a positive outcome and are being conducted in a geographical location that makes sense for you.

      • Can I continue seeing my doctor or oncologist while also taking services of Massive Bio?

        Can I continue seeing my doctor or oncologist while also taking services of Massive Bio?

        Yes, Massive Bio keeps your doctor up to date on your status throughout your participation.