What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop within the prostate. Prostate cancer only occurs in men and is the most common cancer for men in the United States. Most cases progress slowly and early detection increases the chances for successful treatment. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test measures the level of protein in the blood made by the prostate and is used to detect any abnormalities within the prostate. Also, digital rectal examinations (DRE) help doctors detect any abnormalities in the rectum caused by the prostate. Types of Prostate Cancer include:
- Acinar adenocarcinoma
- Ductal adenocarcinoma
- Transitional cell (or urothelial) cancer
- Squamous cell cancer
- Small cell prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Typically, Prostate Cancer patients experience symptoms that involve changes and trouble with urinating, weight loss, and pain in the lower back. Other patients may experience:
- Numbness or weak legs and/or feet
- Loss of control of bladder or bowel movements
- Trouble getting an erection
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
There is no known cause for prostate cancer. However, doctors have identified certain factors that can increase your chance of developing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer occurs when changes in the DNA of a normal cell is altered by a gene mutation. These mutations cause an overproduction of cells, and eventually leads to cancer. These gene mutations can be inherited or developed over one’s lifetime.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
There is no known cause of prostate cancer, but doctors have identified several risk factors. Family history plays a large role. If someone in your family has had prostate cancer, you are three times as likely to have prostate cancer at some point. Also, smoking makes you twice as likely to have prostate cancer as the average person. Other risk factors are:
- Being over the age of 50
- African Americans are more likely than white men to develop prostate cancer
- Taking the vitamin E independently
Prostate Cancer Prevention
Diet can also play a role in the development of the cancer. Many doctors suggest that having a healthy heart means you will have a healthy prostate. There are protective factors you can take to decrease your chance of developing prostate cancer. They include:
Prostate Cancer Treatment
The treatment decision for prostate cancer patients depends on multiple factors including the PSA levels, stage of disease, patient’s age, and overall health. Treatment options for Prostate Cancer include:
- Watchful waiting or active surveillance, a preliminary waiting period for those who do not experience symptoms
- Surgery, for patients in early stages and good health
- Radiation therapy and radiopharmaceutical therapy, can be given adjuvant to other treatments
- Hormone therapy, removes or blocks hormones from driving cancer cell growth
- Chemotherapy, can be given adjuvant to other treatment options
- Immunotherapy, boosts the body’s natural defense against the cancer cells
- Bisphosphonate therapy, used for cases that have spread to the bones to prevent further metastasis
These treatment options are currently being evaluated within clinical trials and can be beneficial for those who don’t respond well to typical treatment methods:
- High-intensity–focused ultrasound therapy
- Proton beam radiation therapy
- Photodynamic therapy
Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials
There are approximately 2,595 prostate cancer clinical trials that are currently patients in the United States right now. With such an extensive list, many of them could be beneficial for you. Our team of oncology nurses and our artificial intelligence based clinical trial matching system will find the best option for you.
With just a few clicks, you can see your clinical trial matches now. Click here to use our advanced clinical trial match tool.
How Do We Help Prostate Cancer Patients?
Massive Bio offers an independent cancer treatment analysis as well as clinical trial matching for prostate cancer patients. Our patient advocates work closely with patients to gather information on their current medical status, and then will provide a list of options from available cancer clinical trials close to your home.
We can also provide a second opinion through our Virtual Tumor Board from cancer specialists. The Virtual Tumor Board (VTB) is comprised of highly specialized oncologists from nationally recognized Cancer Centers of Excellence. In just 7-10 days after receiving your medical records, we can get you a treatment plan without having to travel far distances and use your valuable time.